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Reading Jerome David Salinger "The Catcher in the Rye": Teacher's resources.

Страницы даны по изданию: J. D. Salinger. The Catcher in the Rye: Учебное пособие - книга для чтения на английском языке с комментариями. Санкт-Петербург: "Антология", 2003. - 256 с.

J. D. Salinger. The Catcher in the Rye.

Jerome Salinger was born in New York City. He graduated from Valley Forge Military Academy (1936) and studied at New York University, Ursinus College, and Columbia University. He began to write when young, worked as an entertainer on a cruise ship (1941), served in the Army (1942--46), and began to publish short stories. The Catcher in the Rye (1951), his first and only novel, was an immediate success, generating a cult-like dedication among many readers. His subsequent collections of short stories, many of which first appeared in the New Yorker, such as Franny and Zooey (1961) and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction (1963), raised more speculation about the elusive author. Critics have been puzzled by his work - he is considered to be either too intellectual or too sentimental, a supreme stylist or a didactic practitioner of self-absorbed musings. He also ended up as something of a media preoccupation by virtue of his becoming a recluse for most of his adult life; about all that was ever known of his personal life was that he lived and wrote in Cornish, N.H.

Task 1.

NB! It can be risky for someone who is not a native speaker to use slang and colloquialisms. Mainly because most of the expressions do have a tendency to be vulgar or offensive.
  1. Read Chapter 1, pp. 3-8.
  2. Learn to pronounce the following words: Hemorrhage, autobiography, a Jaguar, dough, guys, seniors, equipment, ostracized, grippe, t.b., frequent, comb
  3. Find the following words in the text and use them in situations from the text. Tell them in the third person. Don't use a word of slang.
  4. Translate the paragraph starting with "Anyway, it was the Saturday of the football game:" (p.4) and ending in "many people with them" in Russian (orally).
  5. What kind of school did Holden attend? What do we know about it? Why did he want to leave it? Make up a short story about it.
  6. Collect all the facts about the main character of the story (age, character, appearance, education, health, friends, etc.)

Task 2.

  1. Read chapter 2 (pp. 8-18).
  2. Learn to read the following words:
    Figure out, wrapped up, pajamas, bathrobe, grippe, straightened, thumb, tough, ingredients, qualms, appreciate.
  3. Find the following words in the text and use them in situations from the text. Tell them in the third person. Don't use a word of slang.
  4. Describe the Spencers.
  5. Did Holden agree that life is a game?
  6. How did Holden explain to himself the reason he left the previous school?
  7. Prove that Holden and Mr. Spencer were on the opposite sides of the pole.
  8. What is Holden's idea of life?
  9. Describe Holden's character.

Task 3.

Note misprints: p. 20 - so be (must be: he) can't marry her or anything
  1. Read Chapters III and IV (pp. 18-37)
  2. Learn to pronounce: Liar, parlor, heat, chapel, illiterate, Maugham, shower, peculiar, nasty, chiffonier, blind, scissors, hangnail, superior, to insult (an insult), conceited, lather, washbowl, yawn, playwright, panther, pinscher, towel, ballet, gorgeous, cigarettes, nervous.
  3. Find English explanations for the following words or phrases. Find synonyms if possible. Use them in situations from the text (5 sentences each).
  4. Describe Holden's hat. Why is it mentioned in the text so often? Why did Holden like it so much?
  5. What is Holden's attitude to books? Do you agree with him?
  6. What kind of person was Ackley? Describe his appearance and his habits. How does Holden feel towards Ackley?
  7. Describe Stradlater.
  8. Why do you think Holden attaches so much importance to people's personal habits?
  9. What have we learned from these chapters about Holden?
  10. Prepare for a quiz on the words from the previous task.

Task 4.

  1. Read Chapters V, VI, VII (pp. 37-54).
  2. Learn to pronounce the following words: Steak, dessert, wrestling, machine, fiend, monotonous, leukemia, surgeon, violinist, breathe, unscrupulous, furious, injury, weigh, bawling, tiny, thoroughly digested.
  3. Find English explanations for the following words and use them in the situations from the text:
  4. How much is three inches in cm?
  5. What were the weekends like in Pencey?
  6. What did Holden decide to describe and why? What was he asked to describe?
  7. What was Holden's mood at the weekend? How did it influence what happened that day?
  8. Give the account of the events that day.
  9. Why did Holden all of a sudden decide to leave Pencey?
  10. Prepare for the quiz on the words from the previous Task.

Task 5.

  1. Read chapters VIII, IX (pp. 54-67)
    Note the misprint heighth (should be height) p.59.
  2. Learn to pronounce the words: Aisle, jaw, orchids, conscientious, height, unanimous, desperate, frequently, tunnel, acquaintance, desperate, fascinating, sauve, wallet, foul up.
  3. Find the explanations of the following words in a good English dictionary and make up situations from the text with them (5 sentences each, no slang please).
  4. Describe in detail Holden's trip to the station (weather, surroundings, how he felt, what he did).
  5. What does usually Holden do on a train and how was his behavior different?
  6. What lies did Holden say in a conversation with Morrow's mother? Why?
  7. What can you say about Ernest and his mother?
  8. Where did Holden go in New York? What would you do in his place?
  9. Write out all the words connected with trains and traveling by train.
  10. Prepare for a quiz on the words from the previous task.

Task 6.

  1. Read chapters X, XI (pp. 68-82).
  2. Look up the pronunciation of the following words: Dumb, orphan, tiny, affectionate, hem and haw, moron, suave, conversationalist, immaterial, Jesus Christ, ugly, deserve, apiece, athletic, disturbance, hound, cigarettes, icicle.
  3. Find definitions, synonyms to these words and phrases. Use them in the situation of your own:
  4. Speak about Phoebe: appearance, character. Write 6 adjectives which characterize Phoebe. How is she different from Holden? Why does Holden admire her?
  5. Where did Holden go and why? What was he looking for? Describe the girls Holden danced with?
  6. How was Jane different from other girls Holden had met?
  7. Prepare for the quiz on Task 5.

Task 7.

  1. Read chapters XII, XIII (pp. 82-99).
  2. Look up the pronunciation of the following words: Hoodlumy-looking, hyenas, tough, tougher, flannel suit, gorgeous, sophisticated, chateau, nervous, wheeny-whiny, recuperate.
  3. Find definitions, synonyms to these words and phrases. Use them in situations from the text:
  4. Describe what happened in the taxi cab. Why do you think the driver got so anxious about Holden's question?
  5. What kind of a club was Ernie's? Why did Holden have to leave it?
  6. What did Holden mean when he called himself "yellow"? Do you think he was really like that? How does it characterize him?
  7. How does the episode in the hotel characterize Holden?
  8. Prepare for the quiz on Task 6.

Task 8.

  1. Read chapters XIV, XV (pp. 100-115).
  2. Look up the pronunciation of the following words: Disciples, atheist, sermon, distinctly, rough up, dough, hurt, deaf, drown, bourbon, crawl, genuine leather, inferiority complex, bourgeois, fountain pen, straw, descent, cousin, Romeo and Juliet, Mercutio, Catholic, prejudiced.
  3. Find definitions, synonyms to these words and phrases. Use them in situations from the text:
  4. Sum up Holden's religious ideas. What is his attitude to religion?
  5. What impression did the scene in the hotel have on Holden? Why did he cry?
  6. What do we learn about Holden's parents?
  7. Why was Holden surprised when he saw and spoke with the nuns? Do you believe there was something strange about them? Have you ever been surprised with the behavior of priests or other religious people?
  8. Prepare for the quiz on Task 7.